In the age of the coronavirus outbreak, scholars are working to form a vaccine like a cure for this problem. Related to body vaccines, various scholars although the Islamic section in Indonesia sometimes has a twilight containing the view of the law. The difference in formulation and the vaccine law arises because of the real and negative side that is mixed in the vaccine itself. The question is how does Muhammadiyah look at vaccines?
Based on the editorial search, fatwas on vaccine rules have been discussed by the Tarjih Assembly in 2009. In the official website of the tarjih.or.id, explained, the vaccine is an antigen compound made from microbes that have been turned off or weakened. Basically, the vaccine serves to increase the order of hypocrisy (immunity) in the body of microbes, which is usually done in children, toddlers, along with pregnant women. As for the effort to put the vaccine into the meaning (intent) of the body to make the immune system around the problem / microbe called vaccination. In Indonesia, the vaccinations selected in carnation children with toddlers are hepatitis B, BCG, polio, and DPT.
In the case of Miningitis Vaccine, Prof. Yanuhar Ilyas in 2010 argued, the use of meningitis vaccine is illegal because it contains pig enzymes. However, the vaccine was then allowed with a crisis because there has been no development of an antidote without containing banned particles.
Similarly, polio immunization rules, multiplying groups that avoid together prohibit polio vaccine used immunization because it contains evidence that is prohibited, the enzyme carried tripsin enzymes that come from since the pangkreas of pig animals. In tarjih.or.id, Prof. Dr. H. Journalist Uddin said, “In the process of producing a polio vaccine, information is needed from pigs that are claimed by the enzyme tripsin. Without the enzyme trypsin, no polio vaccine can be formed. The enzyme trypsin pig is not the raw information of vaccines, but merely used as a cell barrier catalyst enzyme”
According to the examination, there is not yet one although pharmaceutical companies in the world that use the enzyme trypsin other than pigs. That is, there is no other selection, while to secure the children began the attack of microb polio is an inevitability. If not, the right distress that will be suffered by peers dwells. Muhammadiyah’s attitude around vaccines
Muhammadiyah’s attitude on vaccination and immunization, the moment seems to have a more advanced level of islamic organizations. When other Islamic organizations avoid vaccinations and immunizations, Muhammadiyah is actually in the front contreng that presents this vaccination activity.
In determining the vaccine law, Muhammadiyah uses the following donors:
[وَلاَ تُلْقُوا بِأَيْدِيكُمْ إِلَى التَّهْلُكَةِ [البقرة، dua: 195
It means: “… Again do not drop yourself individually into destruction, …” [QS. al-Baqarah (2): 195]
.عَنْ جَابِرٍ عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أَنَّهُ قَالَ لِكُلِّ دَاءٍ دَوَاءٌ فَإِذَا أُصِيبَ دَوَاءُ الدَّاءِ بَرَأَ بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِ
[رواه مسلم وأحمد والنسائي واللفظ لمسلم]
“It is narrated from Jabir, to the Prophet (peace be upon him), that he said: Every problem has a cure, and to the extent that the problem has been antidoteed, in order to be healthy by allah.” [HR. Muslim, Ahmad then an-Nasai]
عَنْ أَبِي الدَّرْدَاءِ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ إِنَّ اللهَ أَنْزَلَ الدَّاءَ وَالدَّوَاءَ وَجَعَلَ لِكُلِّ دَاءٍ دَوَاءً فَتَدَاوَوْا وَلاَ تَدَاوَوْا بِحَرَامٍ
It means: “Narrated Abu Darda’, sira said: The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Verily Allah has overthrown the complexity and then the drug. Again make for every complication want the drug. Then you should seek treatment, but do not seek treatment with an illegal entity.” [HR. Abu Dawud]
From the exploration of postulates together, muhammadiyah fatwa summarizes that people must always keep individuals from being contaminated with problems that can damage their bodies, then should have treatment if suffering from pain, as long as they do not seek treatment with illegal objects.
However, the inner (liver) practice of vaccination or polio immunization, Muhammadiyah considers that this accounting is important. Because polio is a serious problem for people. On the other hand, the vaccine that is the focus for avoiding this critical complication, contains the element of pork, – which is found to be illegal to eat meat, – although it does not mean basic information, but just a tool (tout) to break down cells. Ability of the Inner Haram Element (liver) Vaccine: Emergency
In the sorting of law, Muhammadiyah raises the content of ushul fiqh rules:
.الحَاجَةُ تَنْزِلُ مَنْزِلَةَ الضَّرُورَةِ
It means: “That need inhabits a bad place.”
In this problem, avoiding the problem of polio means hajah (hajat), although must use a vaccine that uses the enzyme trypsin started by pigs. Similarly, according to Muhammadiyah, pigs are mafsadah, with polio also mafsadah.
So, facing twins who resemble this mafsadah-like, Muhammadiyah really calculates which is more powerful madlaratnya again determines the lighter madlaratnya. Therefore, it means (intent) to protect the complexity of polio, Muhammadiyah approves the consumption of the vaccine. For Muhammadiyah, this section is in sync and guidelines:
إِذَا تَعَارَضَ مَفْسَدَتَانِ رُعِيَ أَعْظَمُهُمَا ضَرَرًا بِارْتِكَابِ أَخَفِّهِمَا
It means: “When fighting two mafsadah, then pay attention to which is more dominant madlaratnya and worked shallower mafsadahnya.”
In conclusion, it is understandable that Muhammadiyah approved/published polio vaccination which suppresses the enzyme trypsin starting from pig animals. As recorded containing tarjih.or.id, so far as no other vaccine that is free begins with the enzyme, Muhammadiyah daim approves the use of the enzyme tripsin starting pigs.
Although in the final department of this fatwa there are recommendations in groups that are jointly competent to make diagnosis-analysis depending on the use of enzymes started by animals other than pigs, which are halal and not unclean. This advice does not change the gift of using the “haram vaccine”. Until one million later able to get a vaccine that is accurate for free on, objects whose original rules are haram. At that moment the pig vaccine was freshly found to be subject to illegal law. Muhammadiyah Fatwa: Uniting Religion, Science and Humanity
In a book Agus Kusnadi, et al, Muhammadiyah Build The Health of the Nation stated then the fatwa near the vaccine containing pig enzymes can be said as the ultimate argument that eliminates discounting. Although there are unclean elements together haram (pigs), Muhammadiyah still approves its use. This fatwa is much more developed than other Islamic forum fatwas that lead to floating by putting scarf because of the pig element in it.
In the book it is said how “Muhammadiyah’s bold fatwa does not seem to meet the separate dynamics of Muhammadiyah generation before that seeks to realize the health base of citizens along with a reasonable and objective approach based on all recent discoveries.” (h. 187).
This was successfully traced in the encouragements of squalid actions that are not pro modern freshness, even though the chapter is justified by the principle of jurispruding. For example, the use of a double dose solution kulah, which the jurist is considered by being punished with a valid like diluting the holy and purifying, but it was abandoned by the Muhammadiyah. (h. 187)
In later growth, all the latest lessons and sensing on the average freshness expertise is hardly there that is not equal and Muhammadiyah opinion. Starting in, cases of transplant of body parts, smoking, donors of self-components, and the use of mummies. Similarly, along with the agenda of the highest power to heighten the category of freshness of citizens, there is no and that is no longer in sync muhammadiyah programs and opinions. For example, the eradication of tuberculosis (TB), the eradication of stunting, despite the manufacture of conscious awareness. (h. 187).