Four Basic Things about Faith in Religion

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Confidence has an important role in religion and living life. How much faith we have determines how much obedience to God and how we live our lives. People who do not believe in the hereafter can sometimes get bored with life because they feel that what is lived will disappear without a trace.

A person who does not believe in the existence of God may fall when he is hit by the hardships of life because he does not have the handle that he believes will save him. So great is the role of faith that the Prophet (peace be upon him) once said, “Sure is the whole faith (HR). Al-Baihaqi and Khathib Al-baghdadi).

Sure itself has two meanings. First the sense of trust and steadyness in the heart without being accompanied by doubt and unshakeable. While the second meaning is the steadiness and trust that has permeated the soul so that it is psychologically influential and becomes a driver of the behavioral activities of people who have it.

The things that must be believed related to religion are all the things that are conveyed by the Prophet (peace be upon him) in the form of both the Qur’an and hadith and all the contents in it. All Muslims believe this with the first sense of belief. He fully believed that what the Prophet brought was certainly true and sourced from Allah.

However, not necessarily everyone can believe with confidence the meaning of the second because it is closely related to different perceptions. A person’s religious qualities depend heavily on the strength of his weakness in being convinced of this second meaning.

Of the many things that the Prophet brought and must be believed, there are at least four things that must get special attention. This is because these four things are the essence and core of the whole teaching. These four things are also the core guidelines of a person in living life. These four things are as stated by Imam Ghazali as follows:

First, tawhid or god’s word. Tawhid according to ahlissunnah wal jamaah covers three things; His one, His one nature, and His one deed. Esa deed or tawhid fi al-af’al means believing that everything whether things are things or activities are the creation of Allah Ta’ala.  He believed that the giver of rizki, the giver of life, the giver of blessings and trials was God alone, while the creature only became the way it all reached him.

When a person believes this in his heart without a doubt it means that he has been convinced of the first meaning. When the belief has been permeated and realized in everything that befalls him so that he realizes the existence of beings only like a pen in the hands of a writer means he has been convinced by the second meaning which is the fruit and spirit of the first sure.

When one realizes that the sun, water, plants, living beings, man and all beings are submissive under His arrangement, his heart will be full of alumkkal, pleasure and submission to the taqdir of God. He won’t defend the job he has because it’s just the way. He will not be easily angry with the one who does badly to him because only that person is only a tool of God to give him trials. Similarly, it will not be easy to be hypocritical to someone just for the sake of getting something because he believes the person is only a tool and does not rule out the possibility that there are other tools provided by God to convey rizki to him.

All events experienced will be received with airy chest. With a high awareness of the oneness of af’al that is always remembered when wading through life he avoided anger, resentment, envy and bad morals. He realized that all who created was God.

Second, believe in God’s assurance of the windfall contained in His word, “And there is not an animal on earth but Allah who gives his sustenance.” (QS Hûd:6), was sure that the rizki that had been destined for him would certainly come to him. A person whose heart has been fulfilled by this belief will always be careful and act straight in an attempt to earn a windfall, he will not be greedy so as to harm the rights of others. He will also not be too bothered about the disappearance of rizki that has been obtained or calculated by him. Believing in God’s assurance does not mean not trying because effort is a step to knock on the door of rizki as well as a command from Him. But he does not rely on his efforts because he believes it is only a means of giving rizki who is actually the Creator. Sometimes Allah does not give because it is best for him because if given more precisely he will forget obligations such as zakat, paying attention to neighbors who are lacking. That’s where al-ma’u ‘ainul ‘atha’, not giving is actually a salvation to him.

Third, believe wholeheartedly that whoever does good will certainly see his reward, and whoever does evil will also get his reward. He believed that the relationship of good deeds with reward such as the relationship of eating with fullness and the relationship of bad deeds with punishment such as the relationship of poison with death. Therefore he will try to continue to do good in order to get a reward as he tries to find a piece of rice to fill the body.

Similarly, he will stay away from the maxiat for fear of punishment as he tries hard to avoid poison so as not to perish. The belief in this that has permeated the soul and is always remembered in every behavior will result in prudence in acting. He will always try to fear and stay away from all evil. When the belief is stronger, he will stay away from sin and more diligently worship and do good.

Fourth, be sure that God always sees him under any circumstances, always knowing his movements until whatever comes to his heart and mind. The fruit of this belief he will always keep the adab born and inward at all times because he feels always in front of Him. He always takes care of his heart and mind as he keeps his birth because he knows that to God all will be seen. There will be shame in God, lowness, and a sense of wanting to always draw near to Him. That way, this feeling will foster obedience and effort to bring quality worship to the inner birth.

These are the four things that are the essence of all beliefs that will bear fruit in improving one’s quality of life. This belief will be of maximum benefit when it comes to the level of belief with a second meaning. Belief with the first meaning is a condition for one’s faith while belief with the second meaning is a condition of faith is fruitful. It’s like a person believing in the existence of ghosts in a haunted place.

When the trust has enveloped him then reflexively his hair will stand up, he will walk quickly and not turn his head to be immediately far from the place. That is how our belief in the oneness of God, the assurance of god, the reward of punishment, and the knowledge of God for all that is in us. The belief in the heart is like a tree of inner morals such as tawakkal, nrimo, shame on God like branches and branches. While deeds such as fruit and flowers that grow on the branch. True and ingrained beliefs will have psychological effects that then affect behavior.

*) The author is an Activist of pesantren Literacy Community, living in Magelang

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