FAITH: BELIEF SYSTEM IN ISLAM (PAI PAPER)

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FAITH: BELIEF SYSTEM IN ISLAM

arranged to fulfill one of the course assignments of Islamic Religious Education

The Dawn of Romadhon 1200677

Riki Ardiani 1202864

Muhammad Irfan Ilmy 1206179

MAJORING IN ISLAMIC RELIGIOUS EDUCATION

FACULTY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES EDUCATION

UNIVERSITY OF EDUCATION INDONESIA

Alhamdulillah, praise and gratitude let us pray to allah swt, which has all the majesty and perfection. Thanks to His grace and grace, this paper can be completed as it should be. Shalawat and greetings may still be poured out to the lord of Nabiullah His Majesty Muhammad (peace be upon him).

We would like to thank Mr. Dr. Edi Suresman, S.Pd, M.Ag. for his guidance, as well as to all those who have assisted in the preparation of this paper.

Finally, however we tried to be as accurate and accurate as possible in working on this paper, but as ordinary humans do not escape mistakes. There must have been a mistake in it. Therefore, after the completion of this paper the author expects correction if the reader finds errors or errors in the writing of this paper. Hopefully readers can understand the shortcomings contained in this paper. May Allah give mercy and guidance to all of us. Amen.

FOREWORD………………………………………………………………………….. i

THE CONTENTS…………………………………………………………………………………………. Ii

CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION

  • Background……………………………………………………………………….. 1
  • The Problem Formula………………………………………………………………. 1
  • The purpose of writing………………………………………………………… 2
  • CHAPTER II DISCUSSION

  • The definition of Faith…………………………………………………………………………. 3
  • The process of forming faith and the commandment of faith……………………. 6
  • Welcoming the Cry of Faith…………………………………………………… .. 9
  • The virtues of the Believer and Charity Shaleh……………… 10
  • The correlation between Islam and faith………………………………………………… 12
  • Trying to increase and strengthen faith in the heart………… 13
  • Branches of faith………………………………………………………………………. 18
  • CHAPTER IV COVER

  • Conclusions…………………………………………………………………………. 21
  • Suggestion……………………………………………………………………………………. 21
  • BIBLIOGRAPHY…………………………………………………………………………. 22

                Today, more and more people are misunderstanding and implementing faith in Allah SWT in life. This is due to a lack of knowledge and understanding of the true meaning of faith. Some mean that faith is only limited to believing in the Khalik.

    On that basis we put together a paper on faith. This shows one of the proofs of the contribution of students as intellectuals to provide knowledge to the community.

    We take this issue because we want to know what true faith means and its implementation in life. And what things can strengthen faith and any things that can undo faith.

    The issues that will be discussed in this paper are as follows:

  • What is the definition of faith?
  • What is the virtue of a believer?
  • What are the arguments about faith?
  • What is the true nature of faith?
  • What is the relationship between Islam and faith?
  • How to strengthen faith in the heart?
  • C. Purpose of Writing

  • Understand the definition of Faith etymologically and terminology
  • Be aware of the commandments of faith, welcome the call of faith and build faith
  • Realize the urgency of faith in life in this world and the hereafter and maintain it
  • Knowing the foundations, pillars, and branches of faith and applying in life
  • Knowing and realizing fluctuations in faith and seeking to increase faith in him.
  • Beware and avoid things that undo faith
  • Hilali in Ningtias (2009: 6) states that Faith in language means believing, i.e. believing in the existence of something supernatural, while believers are called believers. According to some scholars of faith is interpreted, confirming with certainty, believing honestly and purely asthma’, the nature, promise, and threats given by Allah SWT, then declaring that He is Most Holy and in no way created man with a joke, but with a very great purpose.

    Some of the Prophet’s hadiths also mention the issue of faith, for example the hadith narrated by Abu Hurayrah r.a, “Faith branches into sixty more, and shame (to do evil) is one branch of faith.” (Imam Al Zabidi in Ningtias 2009: 6)

    Explanation of the meaning of faith according to Luqmanul Hakim (2010: 3) including:

  • It is to accept all that is brought by Rasullullah.
  • Saying verbally means saying twice the shahada “Laa ilaha illallahu wa anna Muhammadan Rasullullah” (there is no right but Allah and that the Prophet Muhammad is allah’s messenger).
  • Practicing with limbs means the heart to practice in the form of confidence, while the limbs practice in the form of worship in accordance with its function.
  •             According to Dr. H. Aceng Kosasih, M.Ag et al (2012:58) stated that originally the word “Iman” was used by Arabs which means al-tashdiq and when translated into Indonesian means recognition, belief in something, or determination. The heart (qalb) referred to here is the potential stored in every human being that serves as a place of inner feeling.

    While according to the term or syara’ the scholars of Ahmad Farid in Kosasih (2012: 58) define faith is justifying the Prophet with regard to all that is conveyed from His Lord.Justification in this sense contains elements: 1) acceptance (qabul),2) love (mahabbah),3) practice (‘charity).. Meanwhile Al-Adnani and Abdurrahman (2010: 234) define faith as speech and deeds (qaul wa ‘amal),namely 1) speech and practice of the heart (qaulul qalb and ‘amalul qalb),2) speech and oral practice (oral qaulul and ‘oral amalul),3)the practice of members of the body (‘amalul jawarih).

    From the two above understandings it can be understood that a person is said to be a legitimate and perfect believer if fulfilled the above elements. Satan and Pharaoh confirmed in his heart that Allah is the creator and ruler of the universe, but because it is not accompanied by the practice of his heart, namely love and subjugating to Allah, both are disbelievers, not believers. Likewise, the hypocrites, even though verbal and limbs are charitable, but because they are not accompanied by the words of the heart (justifying) and the practice of the heart, then he is not a believer (Kosasih, 2012: 58).

    Based on the above understanding and explanation, the so-called believer (believer) is one who justifies with the heart (qaulul qalbi),then his heart submits and obeys (‘amalul qalbi),then his mouth utters two sentences of shahada (oral qaulul),and his limbs carry out Allah’s commandments and stay away from His prohibition (‘amalul jawarih) on the basis of love (mahabbah) and keralaan (ridha) (Kosasih, 2012:58).

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